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Campylobacter infection, or campylobacteriosis, is caused by ingestion of Campylobacter bacteria. It is the most common bacterial cause of diarrheal illness in the United States. People with a Campy infection usually have diarrhea (often bloody), fever, and stomach cramps. The CDC estimates Campylobacter infection affects 1.5 million U.S. residents every year.
Curian Campy is intended to detect C. jejuni, C. coli, C. upsaliensis, and C. lari in human stool from patients with signs and symptoms of gastroenteritis. Over 90% of Campylobacter infections are caused by C. jejuni, about 5% by C. coli and the remainder by other Campylobacter species, such as C. lari or C. upsaliensis. There is increasing acknowledgment of the clinical importance of Campylobacter species other than C. jejuni and C. coli, due to the recognition of these species as emerging human and animal pathogens.
The test is intended for use with unpreserved fecal specimens or preserved fecal specimens in transport media (Cary-Blair or C&S).